Geography of Cooch Behar

Map of Cooch Behar


Cooch Behar is one of the major cities of Cooch Behar district. Located in the extreme north western side of the state West Bengal this particular city comprises of a total area of 8.29 km². It is the largest town and district headquarters of Cooch Behar District. Since geographically the position of Cooch Behar is on the hilly terrain of the gigantic Himalayan Belt, it is often called the Himalayan Terai of state West Bengal. Being one of the historically significant locations it attracts millions of tourist every year to view its royal heritage and legacy. Apart from this there are other attractions like temples, mosques, wildlife, nature and many others. It is a place with rich natural extravaganza that makes it a brilliant place to visit.

Climate of Cooch Behar

Huge humidity and abundant rainfall is the primary characteristic of the climate in Cooch Behar town. Massive humidity is present in the air almost throughout the year except during the months of February to May when the humidity scale ranges from 50-70 percent. November to February is the winter season here with the coldest month being January where temperature varies between 1000c to 2400c. On the other hand months of March to May comprises the summer season where May is the hottest month and the temperatures rises to a maximum of 36.5C. The average rainfall in the area is around 3201mm. The south west monsoon season shows the maximum rainfall. In fact 70 percent of the rainfall occurs from south west monsoon winds majorly during the month of June.

Location of Cooch Behar

According to the meridians the location of Cooch Behar is 25°57'47" & 26°36'20" North Latitude and between 88°47'44" & 89°54'35" East Longitude. Jalpaiguri and Alipurduar district, the state of Assam, Rangpur district of Bangladesh and the International border of the two countries India and Bangladesh bounds Coach Behar district from all sides.

Rivers of Cooch Behar

The Torsa river flows by the western side of town. Usually the rivers get flooded only during the rainy season but the water flow currents are quite high. The water in its course carries pebbles, salt and sand which provide quite an adverse effect on the agricultural production of the area.

Soil of Cooch Behar

Alluvial soil is majorly found in this region, with distinctive levels of nitrogen, potassium and lastly phosphorous. Sulphur, Magnesium, Calcium, zinc and Boron are found in negligible amounts. Cooch Behar is majorly based on a flat land with a slight slope on the south eastern side through which majority of the rivers flow. The highland mainly is located in the Sitalkuchi area whereas Dinhata is based on low land.

Forest of Cooch Behar

Deciduous and Evergreen forest are found in this region of West Bengal. Cooch Behar faces a lot of deforestation majorly due to the rising demand of timber and fuel. The major trees available here include timber, ferns, creepers, bamboos, palms, orchids, fungi, aquatic plants and many others. There are however not many large forested areas which can become a shelter for wildlife and National parks. However in 1976, Cooch Behar shared a space with Jaldapara National Park of 217 sqkm along with Jalpaiguri district.

Demography of Cooch Behar

The main language used by the natives in this area is Bengali, English and Hindi. The place has been dominated by several dynasties down the historical the reason it is a land of mixed cultures caste and creed. However the predominant caste here is Hindu Bengali though one can find Muslims, Christians and other religions too in lesser numbers. The regional dialect though is Bengali but the same is different in accent from the one used in the capital city Kolkata. Due to its positioning in the eastern side it posses much influence of the Assamese people and the Bengali dialect here is more similar in accent with Assamese and Rajbangshi people.

To conclude Cooch Behar is one of the finest locations in North Bengal especially for its unlimited natural resources that make it more beautiful in all ways.

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